Phineas Finn – Anhony Trollope (Anglia)


Anhony Trollope is one of the most important authors in the history of English literature, particularly well-known for his series of novels that includes Phineas Finn. Published in 1873, this novel follows the life of an Irish politician, demonstrating Trollope’s mastery of early Victorian England.


The novel is set in England during the mid-19th century, with Phineas Finn as the main character. Phineas is an ambitious young man from an Irish Catholic background who moves to London to pursue a career in politics. He quickly rises through the ranks but struggles to maintain both his personal and professional relationships. This book depicts the complex social relationships between the upper and lower classes of the period, as well as the pressure faced by the growing middle class.

Plot Overview

Phineas Finn is an ambitious young man from Ireland who moves to London to pursue a career in politics. With the help of his friends, he is successful in his mission, entering the House of Commons. Although he is able to move up the ranks quickly, Phineas soon finds himself overwhelmed by the pressures of political life and his personal relationships with friends and family.

Meanwhile, Phineas is also in the middle of a love triangle with two women: the beautiful Lady Laura Standish and his childhood friend Mary Flood Jones. Both women are interested in pursuing a relationship with him, and Phineas is torn between them. Phineas’ political career is further complicated by the schemes of his rival, Mr. Bonteen, who is determined to see Phineas fail.

In the end, Phineas’ political career ends in tragedy, and he is forced to leave London. He eventually reunites with Mary Flood Jones and travels with her to Scotland, eventually settling down and marrying her. This marks the end of the novel.

Major Themes

One of the major themes of the novel is the struggle of the rising middle class in the Victorian era. Phineas struggles to reconcile his ambition and his social class, as he attempts to bridge the gap between the lower and upper classes. This leads to tension, as the upper class figures resent his ambition and constantly plot against him.

Additionally, this novel provides a critical look at the political landscape of the time. Phineas is exposed to the reality of patronage and corruption in politics, and is ultimately unable to survive in this environment. The novel also deals with issues related to justice, social inequality, and ambition.

Main Characters

  • Phineas Finn: The novel’s protagonist. A young man from Ireland pursuing a career in politics in England.
  • Lady Laura Standish: A beautiful woman from the upper class who develops feelings for Phineas.
  • Mr. Bonteen: Phineas’ rival in politics. He is determined to see Phineas fail.
  • Mary Flood Jones: Phineas’ childhood friend, whom he loves but cannot bring himself to marry.
  • Plantagenet Palliser: Laura’s wealthy husband. He is a powerful figure in politics.

Critical Reception of Phineas Finn

Upon its release in 1873, Anthony Trollope’s Phineas Finn was met with powerful critical acclaim. It was praised for its captivating plot and its accurate representation of the political and social climate of Victorian England. Additionally, critics praised Trollope’s ability to depict complex characters and evoke strong emotions in his readers.

The novel is considered to be one of Trollope’s finest works, and it is sometimes referred to as the “best of all Trollope’s political novels”. It is seen as a classic of Victorian literature and has since been adapted into multiple films and TV series.

Bottom Line

Phineas Finn is a captivating novel that dives deep into the political and social issues of Victorian England. With an engaging plot and complex characters, it is considered to be one of Anthony Trollope’s finest works and has become a classic of English literature. If you’re looking to be transported back in time to the world of mid-19th century England, this is the book for you.